Carl F. Craver
Craver is a philosopher of neuroscience with side interests in the history and philosophy of biology, general philosophy of science, metaphysics, and moral psychology. His 2007 book, Explaining the Brain, develops a framework for thinking about the norms of scientific explanation in physiological sciences such as neuroscience. His forthcoming book (with Lindley Darden), Searching for Mechanisms: Discoveries Across the Life Sciences, develops a mechanistic view of discovery in biology. He is working (with Shayna Rosenbaum, York University) to study deficits in agency and moral reasoning in people with amnesia. Other research interests include general work on the nature of scientific explanation, the norms of progress for experimental instruments and techniques, and the difference between modeler's and maker's knowledge of the brain.
Romero, F., Craver, C.F., (forthcoming) "Dispositions", The Encyclopedia of Clinical Psychology, Wiley-Blackwell.
Kwan, D., Craver, C.F., Green, L., Myerson, J., Boyer, P. Rosenbaum, S. (2011) “Future Decision-Making without Mental Time Travel” Hippocampus 22: 1215-19.
Craver, C.F. (2012) “Functions and Mechanisms: A Perspectivalist Account” (English Version) in P. Huneman, ed. Functions. Springer.
Craver, C.F. (2012) "A Preliminary Case For Amnesic Selves: Toward a Clinical Moral Psychology" Social Cognition, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 449-473.
Craver, C.F. (in press) “Mechanisms, multilevel” Springer Encyclopedia of Systems Biology.
Craver, C.F. and Bechtel, W. (in press) “Interlevel Causation” Springer Encyclopedia of Systems Biology.
(under revision) "Thinking about Interventions: Optogenetics and Maker's Knowledge" Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science.
Craver, C.F. And Kaiser, M. (accepted) “Mechanisms and Laws: Clarifying the Debate” (accepted) in Hsiang-Ke Chao, Szu-Ting Chen and Roberta L. Millstein, eds. Mechanism and Causality in Biology and Economics, edited by Hsiang-Ke Chao, Szu-Ting Chen and Roberta L. Millstein. Springer.
Craver, C.F. (accepted) “The Ontic Conception of Scientific Explanation” in Andreas Hütteman and Marie Kaiser eds. Explanation in the Biological and Historical Sciences. Springer.
C.F. Craver (2007) Explaining the Brain: Mechanisms and the Mosaic Unity of Neuroscience. Clarendon Press: Oxford.
With Lindley Darden (submitted draft) In Search of Mechanisms: Discoveries Across the Life Sciences. University of Chicago Press. Under Review.
Piccinini, G. and Craver, C.F. (2011) “Integrating Psychology and Neuroscience: Functional Analyses as Mechanism Sketches” Synthese 183: 283-311.
Kaplan, D.M. and Craver, C.F. (2011) “The Explanatory Force of Dynamical Models” Philosophy of Science 78 (4): 601-627
Craver, C.F. and Kaplan, D.M. (2011) “Towards a Mechanistic Philosophy of Neuroscience: A Mechanistic Approach” Peter French and J Saatsi eds. Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.
Craver, C.F. (2010) “Prosthetic Models.” Philosophy of Science. 77: 840-851.
Kendler, K., Zachar, P., and Craver, C.F. (2010) “What kinds of things are psychiatric disorders?” Psychological Medicine. 41: 1143-1150.
Robins, S.K. and Craver, C.F. (2010) “No-Nonsense Neuro-Law” Neuroethics (available online).
Craver, C.F. (2009) “Mechanisms and Natural Kinds” Philosophical Psychology. 22: 575 – 594.
Darden, Lindley and Craver, C.F. (2009) “Reductionism in Biology.” In Encyclopedia of the Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester
C.F. Craver and Robins, S.K. (2009) “Biological Clocks: Explaining with Models of Mechanisms” Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press: Oxford, USA, pp. 41-67.
C.F. Craver (2009) “Neural Mechanisms,” in J. Symons and P. Calvo, eds., Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Psychology. Routledge. N.J. Ch. 24.
C.F. craver (2008) “Functions and Mechanisms in Neuroscience” in P. Poirier, L. Faucher, E. Racine and E. Ennan (eds). Des neurones à la conscience: Neurophilosophie et philosophie des neurosciences. Bruxelles: De Boeck Université.
Craver, C.F. (2008) “Physical Law and Mechanistic Explanation in the Hodgkin and Huxley Model of the Action Potential” Philosophy of Science. 75: 1022–1033.
Craver, C.F. and Alexandrova, A. (2008) “No Revolution Necessary: Neural Mechanisms for Economics” Philosophy and Economics. 24 (3): 381-406.
Craver, C.F. (2007) “Constitutive Relevance” Journal of Philosophical Research. 32: 1-30.
C. F. Craver and William Bechtel (2007) “Top-down causation without top-down causes” Biology and Philosophy. 22: 547-563.
C.F. Craver (2007) “Julius Axelrod” in N. Koertge, ed. Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Gale/Cengage, p. 122.
R.A. Wilson and C.F. Craver (2006) “Realization” in P. Thagard, ed., Elsevier Handbook of the Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science. Dordrecht: Elsevier. 81-104.
C.F. craver (2006) “When Mechanistic Models Explain” Synthese. 153: 355-376.
C.F. Craver (2006) Review of Eliot Valenstein’s The War of the Soups and the Sparks. Isis 97: 803-804.
C.F. Craver and L. darden (2005) “Introduction” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36:233-244.
C.F. Craver (2005) “Beyond Reduction: Mechanisms, Multifield Integration, and the Unity of Science” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36:373-396.
To be translated into French for inclusion in J. Gayon and Thomas Pradeu editors, Anthology in Philosophy of Biology. Les Editions Vrin, Paris.
C.F. Craver and W. Bechtel (2005) “Mechanisms and Mechanistic Explanation” in S. Sarkar and J. Pfeiffer, eds. The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Routledge Press, pp. 469-478
C.F. Craver (2005) “T.S. Kuhn” Encyclopedia Americana.
C.F. Craver (2005) “I. Lakatos” Encyclopedia Americana.
C.F. Craver (2004) “Dissociable Realization and Kind Splitting” Philosophy of Science 71:960-971.
C.F. Craver (2003) “The Making of a Memory Mechanism” Journal of the History of Biology 36: 153-195.
B. Towl, J.D. Halverson, and C.F. Craver (2003) “Clark Glymour’s Mind’s Arrows: An Elusive Target” Philosophical Psychology 16: 157-164.
C.F. Craver (2002) “Interlevel Experiments and Multilevel Mechanisms in the Neuroscience of Memory” Philosophy of Science Supplemental 69: S83-S97.
C.F. Craver (2002) “Self Reflection: Review of Gallagher and Shear’s Models of the Self” Philosophical Psychology 15: 213-216.
L. Darden, and C.F. Craver (2002) "Strategies in the Interfield Discovery of the Mechanism of Protein Synthesis" Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33: 1-28.
C.F. Craver (2001) “Role Functions, Mechanisms and Hierarchy” Philosophy of Science 68: 31-55.
C.F. Craver, and L. Darden (2001) “Discovering Mechanisms in Neurobiology: The Case of Spatial Memory” in P.K. Machamer, R. Grush, and P. McLaughlin (eds.), Theory and Method in Neuroscience Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press. 112-137.
C.F. Craver (2001) “Searching for Common Ground” (Golledge ed., Wayfinding Behavior: Cognitive Mapping and Other Spatial Processes) in Psycholoquy.
E.M. Stricker, C.F. Craver, K.S. Curtis, K.A. Peacock-Kinzig, A.F. Sved and J.C. Smith (2001) “Osmoregulation in Water-Deprived Rats Drinking Concentrated NaCl Solutions: Effect of Area Postrema Lesions” American Journal of Physiology 280: R831-R842.
C.F. Craver (2001) “Structures of Scientific Theories” in P.K. Machamer and M. Silberstein, eds. Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science Blackwell: Oxford, pp. 55-79.
P.K. Machamer, L. Darden and C.F. Craver (2000) “Thinking about Mechanisms” Philosophy of Science 67:1-25.
Translated into Polish 2011. "Myślenie w kategoriach mechanizmów", Przegląd Filozoficzno-Literacki 2-3 (31): 145-173.
Translated into French 2011. Réflexion sur les Mécanismes in J. Gayon and Thomas Pradeu editors, Anthology in Philosophy of Biology. Les Editions Vrin, Paris. Translated into Italian as "Riflettere sui meccanismi" in Raffaella Campaner (ed.), La causalità tra filosofia e scienza. Bologna: Gedit Edizioni, 2007, pp. 153-168. (Appeared in 2008)
C.F. Craver and S.L. Small (1997) “Subcortical Aphasia and the Problem of Attributing Functional Responsibility to Parts of Distributed Brain Processes” Brain and Language 58: 427-35.